Our dentists can use conscious sedation as a technique to depress the central nervous system and reduce dental fear and anxiety. This allows our dentists to complete treatment while verbal contact with the patient is maintained throughout the period of sedation. Conscious sedation retains the patient’s ability to maintain a patent airway independently and continuously.
Conscious sedation is a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which the patient responds purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway, and spontaneous ventilation is adequate. Cardiovascular function is usually maintained.
Careful pre-sedation evaluation with respect to airway, fasting, and understanding about the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of the drugs must be established. Availability of airway management equipment, venous access, and appropriate intraoperative monitoring and well-trained staff in the recovery area must be ensured.
Conscious sedation can be administered through various routes such as oral, intramuscular, intravenous, and inhalational.